The camera was first invented in 1816 when a partially successful image was produced by Nicéphore Niépce. Using a small device that he had created, and a piece of paper that he had coated with silver chloride, he discovered that the paper darkened when exposed to light. Since then, photography has been made easier through the way that photographs are developed and camera technology. This article will explore these advancements.
Photos Developed by Others
Developing your own colour photographs requires specialist and expensive equipment and exacting conditions, that is a dark room, for perfect results. Originally, the photographs were either monochromatic or had colour hand-painted on. Colour could be developed as early as 181 but was not widely available until the 1940s. Up until 1960, the majority of photographs were taken in black and white.
Bonusprint, founded in 1965, opened their first high-street shop up in 1979 for customers wanting their photographs developed. In 1999, moving with the times, they introduced their online photo ordering service. This was to keep up with the technology of cameras taken digital images rather than having either 35mm or 110 cartridge films inside them.2016, saw the company launch their first smartphone app allowing user to be creative with their images. This is how technology has moved on in photography. Everything is instant. Which leads us on to a technology that introduced that very principle to camera film as early as the late 1940s
In 1948, the first of the Polaroid cameras, Model 95m and its accompanying special film, went on sale in a store in Boston. The camera would sell out in minutes. The advantage of these instant cameras was that you had no film to develop because the camera allowed you to self-develop the photographs. A chemical process would develop the photograph shortly after taking the photograph. The films were more expensive to but, but then you would not have the cost of then sending them away to be developed. This kind of instant photography was the forerunner to digital photography when every wanted to see what they had taken instantly. Previously you would have to wait until you had received your pictures back from the developers.
It should be noted that before the Polaroid, SLR (Single Lens Reflex) cameras would be the way to know exactly what you had taken. They use a mirror and prism system that allows the photographer to see through the lens at what exactly it is they are capturing on film.
The first ever digital camera was invented in 1975 by Steve Sasson, a Kodak engineer. Built the size of a bread box, it took 23 seconds to capture just one image. Since then, this has been speeded up by a single click capturing an image instantly and then storing it on a memory card.
One of the advantages of the digital camera is that it is lighter and smaller to carry than a film camera. A single memory card can hold many more pictures that one film could. The pictures taken that were not as good as you hoped they would come out can be deleted, whereas with a film, that portion of the negative has been wasted. Software can be used to enhance the images taken afterwards. Red eye can be taken away. Photos that are too dog can be brightened. Magazines will enhance the models on the front covers of their magazines, raising the question as to whether they have chosen the right one in the first place, and whether we should be such perfectionists about body image.
The resolution that can be achieve from a single point-and-shoot digital camera can be between 12 and 20 megapixels, which is considered a high enough resolution for large prints.
So, with digital cameras creating no wastage, there is certainly no reason not to have a go at photography and see what results you can produce.